Category Archives: drug trade analysis

Caribbean Basin Homicide Rates 2020: the case of Trinidad and Tobago

Rank 2020 Homicide Rate……………………Rank 2019 Homicide Rate

1. US Virgin Islands 45.00………………………….3. 40.50

2. Jamaica 43.93…………………………………….2. 44.87

3. Honduras 35.29……………………………………1. 46.26

4. St Lucia 30.49…………………………………….6. 26.80

5. St Vincent & the Grenadines 29.74………………9. 21.70

6. Trinidad and Tobago 28.29……………………….4. 38.13

7. Belize 25.65………………………………………5. 32.80

8. Colombia 23.61……………………………………7. 25.48

9. St Kitts & Nevis 18.79…………………………..11. 20.84

10. The Bahamas 18.56……………………………..8. 24.68

11. Puerto Rico 18.49………………………………21. 9.93

12. Guatemala 14.36……………………………….12. 20.36

13. Barbados 14.26…………………………………13. 17.04

14. Venezuela 13……………………………………10. 21

15. Haiti 12.10………………………………………22. 9.59

16. Panama 11.51…………………………………..18. 11.17

17. Costa Rica 11.16…………………………………19. 11.08

18. Antigua & Barbuda 9.19…………………………27. 3.12

19. Curacao 7.92…………………………………….17. 11.87

20. Guadeloupe 5.74…………………………………No Score

In 2019 Trinidad and Tobago (T&T) was fourth in the ranking and second in CARICOM with 38.13 homicides per 100,000 persons which fell in 2020 to 28.29 per 100,000 persons with a ranking of sixth overall and fourth in CARICOM. This dramatic fall in the homicide rate in T&T in 2020 has been attributed to various factors as excellent policing and the Covid-19 lock-down but the reality on the ground especially in the illicit rades is never factored into official explanations for this dramatic fall in homicides which is accelerating in the first quarter of 2021.

In 2020 the Ganja Wars that drove the blood-lust in Gangland suddenly died and especially after June 30, 2020 the blood letting in Gangland began to markedly decrease whilst the ganja markets became flooded with product, prices stabilized and the glaring gap between supply and demand narrowed. During 2020 demand for ganja markedly increased as we burned our way through lock-down by drawing on the herb but there was no shortage of supply, no price gouging and most of all, no Ganja Wars. In 2017, 2018 and 2019 with market demand at this level the streets of Gangland would have been stained red with blood instead in 2020 the focus was not on killing for a half pound but earning, generating wealth. The volume of illicit imports exploded but the seizures in 2020 in no way reflected the volume of product that was entering T&T in fact the seizures knocked off low level functionaries whilst the players operated with the necessary space to grow richer. Illicit imports of cocaine also exploded but not for local consumption as this is a sunset market but for export to Europe as T&T is a fast developing transshipment point of note in the Caribbean island chain.

The remand yard is not filled with the players of Gangland nor of the illicit trades which raises the question of how did effective policing lower the homicide rate in 2020? The seizures made of ganja and cocaine in 2020 do not account for even 2% of the volume imported into T&T in 2020 especially for ganja as demand exploded as we self-medicated in response to the lock-down depression. Covid heightened demand and certainly did not stop imports in fact it aided imports, so how did Covid reduce the homicide rate in 2020?

The fundamental question is what was intrinsically different on the ground in 2020 that was absent in 2017, 2018 and 2019? In the run up to the second decade of the 21st Century a federation of specific players was formed with the specific intent to exert hegemony over the ganja market of T&T, expand their operations to become players of note in the transshipment of cocaine and heroin from T&T and control the export of homegrown ganja from T&T. This federation was connected to Colombian paramilitary Capos and the members of the federation were desirous of becoming the Capos of T&T with Caribbean rank. In their quest for hegemony this federation unleashed on T&T in the second decade of the 21st Century the most intense period of blood letting in our history especially from 2017 to 2019 with the Ganja Wars. Between 2018 to 2019 four players of the federation were silenced along with vassals of the Colombian Capos in the Venezuelan migrant community. The Megalodon signaled its operational hegemony in T&T formally on June 30th, 2020 and thereafter the homicide rate began to decline in spite of repeated efforts to trigger the tit for tat wars again as the reef sharks now turned into sardines refused to admit that there was now a new order, The Rule was now hegemonic on the ground.

Transnational organized crime, the MTTOs, gave a gift to the elected and non-elected politicians of T&T which enables them to beat their chest boasting of the success of their war on crime whilst the MTTOs are quickly and efficiently turning T&T into an apes transshipment point of the Southern Caribbean. If in 2021 the homicide rate falls to the low 20’s or less than 20 per 100,000 we will have attained the homicide rate for the apex trafficking points of the Caribbean Basin which is the most potent indicator of the hegemony of The Rule of the ground, the hegemony of the Megalodon and its Great White affiliates. Under The Rule the terrain of crime in T&T will drastically change as the blood letting wanes with the emphasis now on earning not killing. The assault on automatic teller machine facilities without the dismantling of this organized crime group is one sign, The acute shortage of foreign exchange on the licit and illicit markets will indicate the power of The Rule as their business is selling product for USD and Euro around the world. Businesses defined as strategic by The Rule and in dire need of foreign exchange will be presented with a very attractive proposal where The Rule ends up as the silent partner and the recipient is the straw man of The Rule, their bitch. The Rule will then become a player in the private sector, making investments which the politicians, elected and non-elected will beat their chest and boast how they made T&T safe for investment. This is the Dominican Republic and Mexican model of development where the national security apparatus is incapable of responding effectively to the threat posed by transnational, globalized organized crime, for they are constituted as instruments of power to ensure social control. Hammers can only see nails. You sow the wind, you reap the whirlwind! Pax Mexicana.

From Sexual Sadist, Rapist, to Serial Rapist then Serial Killer in Trinidad and Tobago: A Colossal Failure of Policing

Analysis of what has been published in the daily print media of Trinidad and Tobago especially the testimony of an abduction, robbery and rape victim reveals the enterprise of a sexual sadist, rapist who evolved into a serial rapist, then into a serial killer to silence his victims to ensure the integrity of his enterprise and the sustainability of the impunity he was afforded by the colossal failure of policing and the court system of Trinidad and Tobago. The perpetrator was no apex sexual sadist rapist as he was incapable of sustainable earning vitally necessary to maintain a facade of respectability and to generate the capital needed to invest in the sustainable infrastructure needed for the hunt, abduction, sexual sadism during repeated rape, murder and disposal of the body of the victim. His incompetence led him to form working alliances with partners in the enterprise which forced him to rob the victim to pay them for their services and to pay himself towards continuing his enterprise. He was a bungling, incompetent serial rapist, serial killer driven by a burning desire to stalk, abduct, render his victim powerless and in this situation of powerlessness unleash a range of sexual violence on his victim that gave him pleasure, that satiated his desire for the moment. Sexual violence on the powerless victim was his erotic. His bungling incompetence meant that he could not afford the infrastructure to abduct victims holding them in bondage as sexual slaves then killing them. This is what his desire demanded but he was incapable of earning, of creating and maintaing the facade necessary to ensure the sustainability of this enterprise. The burning question is then is how often then did he abduct rape and how many of his rape victims did he kill. Alas we will never know because he is silenced, beaten to death, when we all need him alive to deconstruct his mind methodically, without a hint of violence to reveal to us where did he dump his victims and when. Beating a sexual sadist means nothing, they are immune to violence for it is violence that molded them. What they fear is being incarcerated, unable to stalk, abduct and unleash violence, to satiate their desire. Some when faced with the certainty of incarceration their self-importance kicks on and they begin to boast of their conquests, others show relief in being caught convinced that the case against them is air tight they sing like a semp. To see the signs of the modus operandi of a serial rapist, serial killer and act upon them to arrest and incarcerate this perpetrator and in the process deconstructing their minds, you need policing liberated from colonial policing where your police is a hammer therefore they can only see nails. The potent, abiding lesson is that the failure to incarcerate this perpetrator when he started his career gave him the operating space in which to evolve from sexual sadist, rapist to serial rapist then to serial killer. The system failed, the politicians and the recycled failed politician failed all of us and there were victims who did not need to die and surviving victims who did not need to be victimized and to date the system has refused to say sorry, be penitent and then show how it will never happen again. This is the arrogance born out of the impunity the politics of race affords the system in T&T. Which has failed us miserably and will continue to fail us. In 1978 I wrote on rape in T&T for my BA (HONS) thesis at UWI, St Augustine, in the late 1970s and early 1980s I continued with my research doing filed work in specific areas of the East/West Corridor and what I have read on the experience of victims when they interact with the TTPS to report the crime has not changed from the testimonies I collected in my field studies and this is the 21st Century. Rape is a crime that affords the perpetrators impunity through its very low reporting rate by victims to the police. When you add to the mix an approach by policing which is not welcoming and not driven by the conviction to identify and incarcerate the perpetrator for the good of the social order then you foster a culture of rape with impunity which in the 21st Century is patterned after what obtained on Massa’s plantation not a post-modern democracy. The very response of the public reveals deep denial and delusion when faced with the culture of sexual violence in T&T today and in our history. To speak of only gender violence, violence against woman deliberately silences the adolescent boys who are victims of sexual violence in a social order that denies the level of sexual violence perpetrated on young boys. We are told to watch our girl children whilst boys who are victims of sexual violence don’t exist, silenced and are expected to handle it like a man, like their attacker, hence some of these boys evolve into sexual predators themselves. The sexual power relations of Massa’s plantation exist today as we refuse to face reality and deal with it, which means that the flood of victims will never abate.

March 2, 2021 The testimony of another victim of the deceased serial rapist/serial killer reveals that he was operational in the Chaguanas transport hub where at least 3 victims of rape and one who was abducted made reports to the TTPS. The testimony of the abduction victim confirms that the predator was part of a crime organization which was vitally necessary for the success of his predatory enterprise. This means that he had to earn to benefit this crime group even on days when he was abducting, raping and killing victims he was expected to earn for this group. It is most likely that he was a transporter for the crime group. The predator was then a career criminal with a predilection, Desire for abduction, rape and murder. From his hunting ground of Chaguanas he then migrated for Arima which showed his strategy of transporting women from transport hubs to rural areas with an accomplice who aided and abetted in the abduction. What is now abundantly clear is that when women, young girls and children disappear without trace the TTPS must now accept the reality of the possibility of abduction and murder by a serial killer for where there is one discovered there are others out there much more intelligent and elusive in practicing his craft. Welcome to the real world T&T we have come of age! The question that is of prime importance is the fitness of the national security apparatus to discover, locate, charge and convict such predators in T&T? The answer many will not like and they will slip into delusion for that is the preferred survival mechanism in T&T today.

The Agenda to Assault Trinidad and Tobago using Venezuelan illegal migration as a Weapon: the case of My Memories

The following is now public information in Venezuela on the disaster of the human smuggling venture from Sucre State to T&T that resulted in 28 deaths (so far): the owner of the boat My Memories and the owner of the farm where the clients were housed, loaded onto the boat at La Rincon and departed for T&T who were both arrested, are convicted drug traffickers, the owner of the boat had two of his children on My Memories who drowned, the price per head for the trip was USD 150, the owner of the boat was interdicted by the GNB on December 9 bringing in a boat load of Venezuelans from T&T and he paid USD 4, 500 in hush money to the GNB.

The Reality

Why does a member of a transnational organized crime group which specializes in smuggling illicit drugs, small arms and humans from Sucre State to T&T and the Eastern Caribbean break The Rule and charge a transport fee of USD 150 which is half of the minimum cost of being smuggled from Sucre and Delta Amacuro States to T&T? Why did these smuggling trips that target the families of those recently arrived Venezuelans living in T&T, who pay in USD in T&T for the service at cut rate prices, suddenly appear in the run up to the December 6 National Assembly elections of Venezuela and continued thereafter after Chavismo won? Did the Capo of the trafficking group willingly place his two children on the My Memories with all three of them knowing fully well that the boat was not capable of reaching T&T’s coastline safely?

What has to be grasped is the fact the the regime change agenda in Venezuela has as the tip of its spear the Colombian paramilitary groups that traffick illicit drugs through Venezuela. This was potently illustrated by the photos of the interloper in the company of the command of Los Rastrojos in Tachira State, Venezuela. All arms of these Colombian paramilitary transnational organized crime groups have now been mobilized to destabilize the Gulf and T&T using the trafficking organizations of their capos that link T&T to Venezuela, their members in T&T, their gang members in T&T and the members of the recently arrived Venezuelans who are under the control of this transnational crime group. They broke The Rule to spark a run for smuggling services to fill boats to then precipitate an assault on T&T’s handling of illicit Venezuelan migrants. This assault embraced churning out fake news of the brutality of the T&T Coast Guard, the T&T government and the “rights” of illicit migration as if T&T is a colony of Venezuela and the well oiled regime change corporate media in T&T lapped it up feeding at the trough of the Colombian paramilitary traffickers.

The capos by breaking The Rule sent a message in Sucre State and to T&T the same they have sent repeatedly to the rest of the order of the illicit trades of Venezuela that they are willing to jeopardize The Rule, the maximization of profit and the generation and accumulation of wealth for a political agenda which they insist will give them political hegemony over Venezuela. The interloper and his circus are in bed with Colombian paramilitary organized crime but they are America’s drug traffickers.

The Rule has responded in the Gulf and in T&T as the Cleansing is now broader and deeper in the order of the illicit trades in T&T. The Rule has sent the message that it will not allow the political agenda of the capos to disrupt the new order that is in place, operative over gangland in T&T. Maybe, perhaps the message in the Gulf involved My Memories? This intent of the Colombian paramilitary to constitute the gangland order of Venezuela in T&T where you have gangs affiliated to the Colombian paramilitary as La Linea pursuing a regime change agenda on the ground rather than pursuing wealth generation and maximization has provoked a potent response from The Rule with The Cleansing.

The local drug traffickers of T&T especially from the minority races are under pressure to source product and have this product trafficked to Europe as the MTTOs and the Ndrangheta have closed the European market to product they don’t control. The Colombian paramilitaries can only reach Spain especially Galicia which is presently suffering from too much product fighting to land in limited space, it is a choke point and they are being given up. The local traffickers must then seek alternate entry points and markets but the MTTOs control Mexico which makes the local traffickers very prone to Colombian paramilitary pressure for political action in T&T which places them on a path to collision with The Rule set out by Pax Mexicana. The corbeaux are already roosting on the podium of Santa Muerte.

This entire assault is premised on our failure to act timely to prevent the Venezuelan migrant incursion into T&T which formed in T&T a forward operating location (FOL), a beachhead for the political wars of regime change in Venezuela to threaten the very stability of out social order. The delusion peddled by the regime change talking heads is deliberately constituted discourse to blind us to the threat posed by this FOL in our country for they themselves are delusional as they cannot understand the reality of Venezuela on the ground today. This is no western white supremacist Manichean duality of good/white:black/evil but shades of grey with the power wielded by transnational criminal organizations, of The Rule, the MTTOs and the Colombian paramilitaries faced with the hegemony of The Rule that threatens to strangle them. When we allowed the Venezuelans to flood into T&T we inherited this war between The Rule and the old, discredited, failed order of the Capos in the Caribbean who are on the losing end thus far, in fact it is a war of extinction. Pax Mexicana!

http://www.correodelorinoco.gob.ve/avanzan-investigaciones-para-desarticular-mafias-de-trafico-de-personas-hacia-trinidad-y-tobago/

https://www.aporrea.org/ddhh/n361382.html

If poverty is the driving force for the Venezuelan migrant incursion why aren’t the Haitians flooding into T&T as they don’t require a visa to enter? There is no transnational organized crime group in Haiti to-date selling packages to T&T as it is not a prime destination unlike Brazil. Transnational criminal organizations sold T&T as a destination in Venezuela with the majority choosing not to pay as they could walk to Colombia and Brazil. Those who came to T&T came with multiple purposes posing as suffering migrants. I have never seen such a collection of persons with such rotund bellies, El Gordo and La Gorda coming from a country where they are starving unlike the Haitians who we show no sympathy for.

https://www.panorama.com.ve/sucesos/Drama-de-Guiria-un-coctel-de-pobreza-corrupcion-y-trata-de-personas-20201217-0075.html

Check this fake news designed to hurt T&T.

https://www.eluniversal.com/sucesos/86768/reportan-desaparicion-de-otra-embarcacion-con-20-venezolanos

For an analysis of the reality of drug trafficking in Venezuela today see my latest book on transnational organized crime in the Caribbean

Lessons from the 11.5 tonnes of Cocaine seized from Guyana

The seizure of 1.5 tonnes of cocaine in a rice shipment that originated in Guyana in August 2020 in Hamburg, Germany was contained in my 2020 e-book on the on the illicit trades in the Dominican Republic, Suriname , Venezuela, French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe. Then came news out of Antwerp, Brussels of the seizure in November 2020 of containers of scrap metal from Guyana containing 11.5 tonnes of cocaine. These are the lessons of this event: As I pointed out in my 2020 e-book the Guinanas have all been switched on as a tag team export point for cocaine to Europe. The November 2020 operation from Guyana using scrap metal was not of the trafficking standard demanded by the MTTOs for its trafficking arm. The load was too large and unprofessionally packed for export in types of scrap metal that did not afford cover for the product. In one container they loaded the product into a metal chest which was nearly the length of the shipping container, they then placed the metal chest into the shipping container and closed the container doors. In the other container loads of kilo bricks were placed in brightly colored plastic bags and simply covered with scrap metal that did not immerse the product in metal as they did not expend the effort to acquire specific types of scrap metal and then insert the kilo bricks into the scrap metal as pipes, cylinders etc. A trafficking operation that was sloppy, unprofessional and substandard which indicated it was the product of a Colombian paramilitary group seeking to break the monopoly of the European market policed by the MTTOs and their partners in transnational Italian organized crime. The MTTOs and the Ndrangheta simply gave them up. The potent lesson is how easily this substandard trafficking group purchased impunity from Guyanese State agents as the containers were scanned before export, passed as fit for export with the scans deleted from the scanning machine. In the Caribbean the State is captured by the traffickers and the annual interdiction made of illicit drugs in no way reflects the actual volume of product moving through these States, interdiction is a political game where the level of interdiction today is not even 5% of the volume of product moving through the State. The war on drugs is lost, just a fake war and an exercise in social control over poor people. Covid-19 and its use by the politicians of the Caribbean as an instrument of social control where the police are now enforcers of good behavior meant that the already inadequate policing of the trade has collapsed as the volume of product flowing through these Caribbean States has increased dramatically. The best example of this is the collapse of the ganja wars in T&T as supply has flooded the market under the policing of not good Covid behavior. Covid has allowed an increase in drug production in the cocaine and ganja production centers and production has expanded to non traditional production centers, the drive for offshore production. Whenever the politicians of the Caribbean grudgingly give up their Covid derived power to police bad Covid behavior they will then face a transnational illicit trade at its most potent in the history of the Caribbean from Pablo Escobar and the Medellin Federation to the MTTOs. Pax Mexicana!

In my latest book on transnational organized crime and the illicit trades in the Caribbean I pointed out that the colonial legacy in the Caribbean of the French, the Dutch and the British through their overseas territories in the Caribbean in the 21st Century are all connected to the neo-colonial metropole via illicit trafficking pipelines to Europe. The largest cocaine seizure in the British Virgin Islands (BVI) in the history of the BVI, some 2.3 tonnes of cocaine or 2,300 kilo bricks were seized on November 13, 2020 at a building under construction owned by a BVI policeman with 20 years service. The cocaine load was not packaged in the industry standard bales to facilitate trafficking by boat up the ECTP. Each bale was wrapped in translucent packaging with each kilo wrapped to insulate it from the ingress of water. The load was then collected from the mother ship by the coastal transporter where it was handed over for secured storage until its departure for the US Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico or for export to Britain and Europe. Given that we are now in the hurricane season which is coming to an end, a pleasure craft crossing the Atlantic will stick out but there are a range of choices available. Since the 1980s there is a functioning trafficking pipeline from T&T to the BVI and cash smuggling from the BVI to T&T. The failure to interdict in no way means that the trafficking pipelines don’t exist, what it means is the failure of policing and the lack of political will. There is another potent reason for transnational organized crime to be active in the BVI, which is their thriving offshore sector where illicit money enters the offshore sector, is washed clean and returned to transnational organized crime groups. The 2.3 tonnes of cocaine seized in BVI is simply a potent indicator of the MTTOs strategy to maximize the opportunities offered by the geographical location of the Caribbean married to weak, underdeveloped, complicit States, especially the national security apparatus, where impunity is for sale, towards the generation of wealth. The value given for the 2.3 tonnes of cocaine seized in the BVI is equivalent to 75% of its national budget. This is the reality of the power relation of the Caribbean between Caribbean States and the MTTOs which the hegemonic oligarchies of the Caribbean relentlessly must silence, that transnational organized crime can in the 21st Century purchase the national security apparatus of any Caribbean State it targets! Pax Mexicana!

Now Published: “Transnational Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking in the Second Decade of the 21st Century in The Dominican Republic, Suriname, Venezuela, French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe”

“This work is an analysis of the power relations between Transnational Organized Crime (TOC) and the apex trafficking States of the Dominican Republic, Suriname, Venezuela, French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe in the second decade of the 21st Century. This analysis focuses on the business models of TOC groups involved in these apex trafficking states of the Caribbean Basin, their trafficking methodology and the response of the State in their war on drugs to the operational presence of these TOC groups. What is apparent is the inability, the complicity and the unwillingness of the ruling elites and the agents of the State to grapple with the threat posed by TOC to these apex trafficking States. The war on drugs is then a lie, an instrument of power to effect social control in favour of the ruling oligarchs and a geopolitical instrument which indicates your subservience to the USA and the rest of the North Atlantic. The war on drugs is then an instrument to effect white power/hegemony over the neo-colonial world, the South. In these States studied the reality of the North Atlantic’s war on drugs being joined at the head with TOC, hence inseparable, is affirmed with evidence, for as you beget the war on drugs TOC exploits your geographic position to transship drugs to the North Atlantic, but you are unable to resist materially and at the level of the idea, given your state of economic and mental subservience arsing from white supremacist colonial/neo-colonial imperial domination. Transnational Organized Crime then in these States have already or are aggressively moving to capture the State. The wages of embracing the white supremacist war on drugs is TOC exerting hegemony over our social order.”

Covid-19 in 2020 has proven to be a boon to Transnational Organized Crime (TOC) and drug trafficking in the Caribbean basin. As the police of the region are now enforcing social control to supposedly diminish the impact of the pandemic TOC is thriving and even further changing the terrain of the Game in the region. In T&T on June 30, 2020 the new order presented itself and since then no matter even though there have been 5 attempts to restart the tit for tat killings in Gangland there is no response. What we now have are focused eliminations deepening the hegemony of the new order and the mainstream conventional logic of Gangland is daily falsified and in response mainstream logic becomes even more divorced from reality on the ground in the GAME. A reputed gang leader died, there was the expected prediction of war to fill the void created but where is the war? There is succession not war. A T&T medical ganja entrepreneur stated in the Daily Express that some T&T$ 1 billion in ganja was illegally imported into T&T each year, remember you pay for this ganja in US$. Under Covid-19 the ganja wars ceased, supply ramped up and the new order is in control. Pax Mexicana! Now the latest horse to ride is ponzi scheme. Nobody in the Game who intends to stay alive in the Game uses a ponzi scheme to wash the proceeds of the Game. A ponzi scheme is designed to collapse and those running the hustle disappear with the money. How can you wash your dirty money sustainably in a scheme that cannot funnel your money into the financial system? How can you hand over your money that you expect to get back washed, less commission 10-20% on the TT Dollar, by handing it to an organization that has it in garbage bags, desk draws, on the floor, under the bed, all over the place? In the GAME you hand it to legal financial institutions who funnel it into the legal financial system, to hand it to the decent and respectable outstanding citizens. Read the FINCEN files. As per usual the security apparatus and the media continue to peddle a discourse of the dumb criminals when those in the GAME are perpetually ahead of all those who love to hear and see themselves in the media with grandiose dreams of being the Bolsonaro of T&T. Under the Covid-19 game of social control and the usual propaganda of the security apparatus of the State TOC is thriving and even more powerful.

Now Published: “Derek Walcott’s Poetry Deconstructed Its Political and Sociological Discourse Revealed”

” This is a deconstruction of the published books of poetry of Derek Walcott from 1961 to 1981 to unearth, expose and analyze the discourse and worldview of Walcott of miscegenated being, the Caribbean dystopia and the existential condition of the African and Indian Diasporas in the Caribbean dystopia. Walcott segregates himself from the Caribbean dystopia as he excoriates the African and Indian Diasporas blaming them for constructing the dystopia, they are trapped in. Walcott exempts white supremacist colonial and neo-colonial imperial power relations which condemns us to dependency and underdevelopment at the level of the idea. Which he must do for Walcott insists that what separates him from the Dystopia and enables his freedom from the dystopia, his flight to the North Atlantic is his white grandfather’s legacy bequeathed to him by his miscegenated father. At the level of his genome Walcott is special, exceptional in the realm of the Dystopia compelled to prove and affirm this state of being in the North Atlantic. Walcott then frames his poetry on the foundation of the binary, Manichean duality of white North Atlantic discourse. I had a white grandfather and father which makes this deconstruction a personal conversation between two conflicting discourses of miscegenated being and our place in the world.” This was on my list of must do books as it is a personal reading of one who embraces his white grandfather’s  legacy whilst dumping on all of us in the Caribbean. I had a white grandfather but I only have the memory of being the object of hate etched on my memory which I refuse to embrace for its legacy is to be plagued with hallucinatory whiteness, relentlessly engaged in self-immolation. Walcott and I are then worldviews apart as I relentlessly resist the world framed according to the discourse of white supremacy whilst he embraced it in his desire for the Nobel prize, for white affirmation.

 

T&T Covid-19: Cases 142 to 147

The word from the Game is that the super spreader responsible for cases 142 to 147 is extensively, intensely and intimately involved with the business of border jumpers and with border  jumpers. Apparently those who  push the victims of human trafficking discourse who also push the regime change in Venezuela discourse have no problem with the manner in which these new arrivals have sexualized communities across T&T by creating spaces devoted to the sex trade of kinds, types and kinks where before it existed in hushed terms. First they overran the s red light districts of Port of Spain, moved into Maraval, Diego Martin, the western peninsula, La Canoa, Santa Cruz, Mt Lambert. Changed and expanded the trade in Curepe for straight and Queer, exploded the trade in Arima then moved southwards down Cocorite Road, Sangre Grande and up the Toco main road. In Penal and Debe they run things and along the Naparima-Mayaro Road to Mayaro and Guaya. Tobago is now theirs. All the while displacing our T&T sex workers.This is what they pay their US$ to enter T&T illegally for and then their board and lodge they are not victims they are victimizing T&T. The latest report from Venezuela shows that Sucre state is not a national  hot spot for Covid-19 infections which means that the two export point for these illegal migrants are plagued with Covid-19 infections. In Venezuela where gasoline and diesel are perpetually in short supply ever wonder where the fuel is coming from to fuel these people smuggling boats to T&T and back? A load of people in and fuel from T&T out. This is Transnational Organized Crime. Trump is deporting them from the USA whilst we welcome those with the same immigration status that Trump is dumping and he is the King of regime change in Venezuela. Do the Dragon dance!

T&T Covid-19 Case# 139 and Border Jumpers

Covid-19 patient NO. 139 is the first in 80 days in T&T who was not a returning resident who tested positive in quarantine nor a border jumper who turned positive in T&T. Patient # 139 was infected in T&T by an infected person who  was most likely a border jumper or who caught it from a border jumper. Then we have patient # 142 now who did not travel and has no connection to patient # 139 which is pointing to a source of infection that is arsing from border jumpers. The gravest threat posed presently are those from Sucre and Delta Amacuro states in Venezuela. The first wave of Covid-19 infections in Venezuela came with those who traveled to Europe and returned to Venezuela and this wave was handled with aggressive application of the measures recommended to flatten the curve. But in the midst of  this the wave of Venezuelans who walked out of Venezuela dragging their fake Gucci luggage on their way to Cucuta, Colombia began returning in a tsunami which destroyed all measures applied to control this influx towards identifying  and quarantining the infected. Those returning found  that they were waiting too long to enter as they wanted an entry as fast they left. They then turned to the trocheros and very old and new illegal trails over the border with Colombia flooded Zulia state especially where you had the disaster of the Las Pulgas market in Maracaibo. It is estimated that 90,000 persons with some 6% of them infected with Covid-19 flooded Venezuela precipitating the situation today. T&T is faced with  grave danger as the human smugglers of Sucre and Delta Amacuro states have cranked up their operations as demand for their services to land them in T&T has exploded. The price out of Guiria is US$ 300 per head, infant, child, adult with family and friends in T&T paying the cost to travel. There is then a beachhead in T&T operating to import illicit Venezuelans utilizing resources they are earning in T&T to pose a danger to the well being of citizens of T&T. In Tucupita in Delta Amacuro they are collecting them on farms awaiting their turn for transport to T&T. This has alarmed the population of these areas to such an extent in these times of Covid-19 that they are informing on them, protesting publicly against their presence in their community which forced the PNB to act. This is Tucupita drug capital of the Delta where no dog barked to the police such is the fear of the Covid-19 in Tucupita. Tucupita municipality in Delta Amacuro state is one of the national hot spots for increasing Covid-19 infections in Venezuela today constituting a pool of infection that human smuggling is contributing to that is in turn threatening T&T. Every single client who purchases sexual favors, who purchases a bride, who employs, who associates with, who is on a maxi with is now faced with infection from the border jumpers.

30 June 2020 Message from Gangland T&T

The public protest of 30 June 2020 that was focused on Port- of Spain and its suburbs of East and North Port of Spain exhibited signs of central planning, coordination and the use of all resources possessed including illicit force to attain a specific end. This end was the provocation of the police utilizing a range of measures to precipitate the use of deadly force on protesters taking lives thereby precipitating a political crisis that envelops the police in an election year. The overarching intent was the political message sent in an election year of the power a non State actor wields over the spaces of protest in the suburbs surrounding Port of Spain, the seat of government. In these spaces the government reigns but does not rule which is the product of a colossal failure of policing from the 1970s to the present.

The police commissioner continues to insist that the strategy unleashed on the 30 June 2020 was the product of gangland in these spaces as supposedly warring, factionalized gangland according to mainstream discourse suddenly combined, formulated the strategy and launched and managed the operation on 30 June purely out of hate for an effective police in a quest for space. Snake oil with a political flavor as per usual since August 2017. It is revealed by the police that they had no idea of the scale of the operation that was unleashed on 30 June but they knew something was coming. This is an admission that the group that created, launched and managed the operation is not penetrated by, there are no assets in this group. Hence you had no idea that militias armed with assault rifles will be used from the high ground to create operating conditions of deadly fire in order to precipitate opening fire on demonstrators. Then the word cartel was used. This new found order of gangland has it now constituted a gangland cartel?

Multiple gangland spaces under the control of gangs supposedly at war with each other were combined to create an open, flowing field of engagement with the police. Quarry Street and Observatory Street flowed in unison, the plannings of east Port of Spain flowed in unison, Sea Lots flowed with east Port of Spain whilst Beetham Gardens and north of the Eastern Main Road became one. This is the most potent public expression given by gangland T&T to-date that the mainstream discourse is just ole talk. The message is that there exists a new order on the ground rooted in the hegemony of Transnational Organized Crime that controls supply and affords the means to generate wealth through the illicit trades that before was denied to gangland. This is about wealth, business and earning. After four capos were removed from 2018 to the present the order is talking from the ground to the powers that be and the message is Pax Mexicana!

Prohibition’s Instrument of War: Its Discourse of Ganja and Madness

This is the second article in the series dealing with Prohibition’s junk, snake oil science utilized in its War on Ganja.

Prohibition and its Discourse of Ganja and Madness

The medical discourse of ganja use, the brain, madness and cannabis use disorder will be deconstructed by focusing on the article titled: “Heavy cannabis use, dependence and the brain: a clinical perspective” by Emese Kroon, Lauren Kuhns, Eva Hoch, Janna Couisjin, first published 13 August 2019. The authors of the article (Kroon et al) define the aims of the article as follows: “To summarize and evaluate our knowledge of the relationship between heavy cannabis use, cannabis use disorder (CUD) and the brain.” The methods utilized by the study is as follows: “Narrative review of relevant literature identified through existing systematic reviews, meta-analysis and a PubMed search.” The authors are then reviewing literature on ganja and the brain towards the creation of a discourse of ganja and brain rooted in evidence, this then is the summation of the evidence base of the discourse of ganja, the brain and madness. Kroon et al presents a review of the evidence base of the discourse of ganja and the brain in all its aspects driven by the hegemonic discourse of prohibition. Kroon et al never questions the accuracy of the position of prohibition that ganja is a dangerous drug seen in its tenuous clinging to the position of insisting that chronic CUD amounts to a watered down addiction but you don’t use the “A” word as they are yet to prove that with CUD the brain is addicted to ganja, but that does not stop you from repeatedly alleging it. What is revealing in Kroon et al is the research instrument used in the literature reviewed to drive the discourse of ganja use and madness proclaiming it as fact that ganja use sends you mad, with no causal evidence that proves this as fact. The article states in the section Results as follows: “Although causality is unclear, heavy and dependent cannabis use is consistently associated with a high prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders and learning and memory impairment that seems to recover after a period of abstinence. Evidence regarding other cognitive domains and neurological consequences, including cerebrovascular events, is limited and inconsistent. Abstinence after treatment is only achieved in a minority of cases; treatment targeted at reduction in use appears to have some success. Potential moderators of the impact of CUD on the brain include age of onset, heaviness of use, CUD severity, the ratio of THCannabinol to cannabidiol and severity of comorbid disorders.” From the outset Kroon et al admits that there is no causal evidence that ganja in fact triggers mental health issues in the human brain. The prohibition discourse of ganja and madness is based on associational evidence of that, which is only circumstantial at best in the absence of studies to prove that ganja does induce comorbid psychiatric disorders in the human brain. Why base a discourse that assaults ganja as a dangerous drug only on circumstantial correlation when we all know correlation is not necessarily causality? This is a war prosecuted by discourse where no evidence is needed, where association is enough to insist ganja is a dangerous drug and in the propagation of the discourse to the masses association becomes causality, fact backed up by the power of the war on drugs. If association points to, hints at causality why then no research to finally prove beyond the shadow of a doubt that ganja sends you mad? Why hasn’t the powerful forces of prohibition especially in the North Atlantic invested the funds to gather this proof once and for all? This is a discourse of power, it doesn’t care about truth, what it desires is social control, exerting hegemony, power refuses to be limited by law. There is at this present time no causal proof that ganja induces madness. The lack of causal proof drives an assault on ganja that demands criminalisation and more so of the policing of ganja use by minors and adults in the presence of children and of placing harsher punishment on the use of high potency ganja especially by minors. This medical discourse insists that heavy ganja use triggers cannabis use disorder and one result of heavy use is comorbid psychiatric disorders and learning and memory impairments. In Addictionology comorbidity is a condition where mental illness and addiction simultaneously present in the patient, impact each other and the strategy of the addiction intervention. Without any causal proof that ganja use results in an addicted brain, in psychiatric disorders and learning and memory impairment this discourse of power has now arrived at comorbidity which is rooted in the fact of an addicted brain. Kroon et al admits that when ganja use is stopped the comorbidity ends which means that it was in the first place not a true comorbidity premised on the interaction of an addicted brain with mental illness. This is why the discourse speaks of disorders and impairments rather than mental illness, mental disease and arrested development for it is all premised on the use of high amounts especially of high potency ganja and when you stop it simply goes away. Just another discourse of reefer madness. The fact that you can just give up on ganja points to the non-addicted brain, which they must counter by insisting that the success rate of giving up ganja is not high, therefore the brain is addicted and this addiction is so potent that the conventional addiction intervention strategy for ganja is not effective. Kroon et al without a sliver of causal evidence has now torched the edifice of addictions intervention technology by insisting that high potency ganja when used heavily is as addictive as opiates. This they must do as they are yet to present evidence that the mental illness induced by ganja use is organic as the brain becomes diseased, hence it can only be a disorder. More importantly the discourse of ganja and madness is frantically attempting to stem the tide of the acceptance of ganja as a necessary input to human wellness especially in the USA.

The conclusions of the Kroon et al article reveals the nature of the discourse of the assault on ganja when it states: “Current evidence of long-term effects of daily cannabis use and cannabis use disorder on brain-related outcomes is suggestive rather than conclusive, but use is associated with psychiatric morbidity and with cognitive impairments that recover after a period of abstinence.” The evidence that ganja induces mental illness is then suggestive rather than conclusive willingly embraced by prohibition intent on assaulting ganja by any means necessary, An instrument unleashed to justify the failure to legalize marijuana in T&T is predicated on suggestive evidence rather than conclusive evidence but suggestive evidence is the basis of a lynching, of the State executing an innocent man and so it is with ganja and ganja users who are never given the benefit of the doubt. Kroon et al continues to insist that associational evidence is good enough which demands that this analysis presents what is the research instrument of association and its inherent flaws.

Kroon et al now presents a summary of the current evidence for the effects of cannabis on the brain. With reference to brain structure: short term effects; there is no evidence to support or refute effects. For long-term effects: With heavy cannabis use there is limited evidence for reduction hippocampal and pre-frontal cortex volume. With CUD there is limited evidence of structural alterations. There is then no causal proof of the ganja addicted brain that has been changed, altered by its addiction to ganja. How ganja impacts the brain, and the mind is still not fully explored by causal science. I suggest Kroon et al and all the others use the herb and write about their personal experiences as Freud with cocaine. Kroon et al now deals with cognition/learning and memory: short term effects, where there is sufficient evidence that THC/cannabis impairs (non)-verbal learning and episodic memory, but there is limited evidence of impairment of other types of learning and memory. It impairs non-verbal learning and episodic memory but no other type of learning and memory as verbal learning and long-term memory. Why? Sorry no answer lack of research to find the causal reality which can also debunk, falsify this statement. For heavy cannabis use there is sufficient evidence for impairment but insufficient evidence for lasting impairment after abstinence with evidence for partial recovery. Why does daily ganja use result in impairment but with abstinence the impairment disappears if the brain is addicted to ganja, if ganja has changed the chemistry of the brain and its functions? Sorry no research to uncover the causal dynamic yet you can make these statements of fact which inform legislation to police ganja use. In the case of CUD there is limited evidence of impairment and lasting effects after abstinence which means that the discourse insists that it is persons who consume ganja on a daily basis and especially high potency ganja who are most prone to madness. Kroon et al now deals with craving which is a key indicator of an addicted brain which indicates the intent to support the designation of ganja as a dangerous drug. The article states that there is sufficient evidence that one of the short term effects is the reduction of craving by ganja. For the heavy ganja user one of the long term effects there is sufficient evidence for is increased craving but there is limited evidence for increased brain activity in reward related areas after ganja use. This is a position entirely at odds with the discourse of addictionology. Craving implies an addicted brain which is the product of the dopamine production mechanism of the brain cells as the two are intractably linked. How then can you crave with ganja use but there is no activation of the dopamine production mechanism of the brain cells? Can you have a craving brain without activation of the dopamine mechanism? No! Then Kroon et al must present their definition of terms for it is only through unconventional definition of terms can they conjure up a craving brain with a dormant dopamine production mechanism. Another is their definition of evidence. For CUD there is sufficient evidence for increased craving but limited evidence for increased brain activity in reward related areas. The discourse of ganja and madness states with a straight face that a brain exposed to ganja craves ganja but this craving is in no way rooted in the brain utilizing its resources to reward its craving. Heightened craving of an addicted brain arises when it has exhausted its dopamine production resource which triggers the craving for the drug in an attempt to kick start dopamine production once again. The human is the captive of the addicted brain and does anything to acquire the drug to ease the pain as the addicted brain is literally torturing the human captive for a rush. How then can you have a ganja induced craving and your brain is not demanding its rush? In my life I am yet to observe a heavy ganja user in the same condition as a crack head, a meth head and an opiate shooter.

Kroon et al now deals with the evidence on cognitive biases but cognitive biases is a discourse of power as it brands human behavior that deviates from what power dictates as the norm, as normal behavior as cognitive biases, deviance and seeks to give a causal explanation for them. This discourse of power wants then to police behavior rooted in a typology of normal and abnormal, it wants then a science of behavior modification to ensure the hegemony of the norm, of normalization. Using ganja is abnormal behavior and it must be normalized and one way to do this is to create the typology of cognitive biases that especially heavy ganja users exercise in their deviation from the norm. With this typology the process of normalization can now assault the ganja users to normalize them. Kroon et al states that for short term effects there is very limited evidence for cannabis related approach bias and attentional bias. Under long term effects with heavy cannabis use there is sufficient evidence for attentional bias, insufficient evidence for approach bias and no evidence to support or refute lasting effects after abstinence. For CUD there is limited evidence for attentional bias and no evidence to support or refute approach bias. There is no evidence to support or refute lasting effects after abstinence. The cognitive biases of attention and approach have no evidence to prove that they in fact plague ganja users hence ganja users who are all deviants from the norm are doing this for reasons that don’t fall under cognitive bias, which points to the power relations of prohibition and the individual and the use of science to assault abnormal behavior.

Kroon et al now moves to another instrument of power framed to abnormalize the ganja user namely emotional processing which is the theory of the ability of humans to deal with stress, loss and drastic change in life without developing mental health issues. This is the instrument that sets up the play which states that ganja use impacts the brain that results in mental illness through the ganja users inability to process emotion. Kroon et al states that for short term effects there is consistent but limited evidence that THC impairs emotion recognition particularly negative emotions whilst for long term effects of heavy cannabis use there is limited evidence for impaired emotion identification/recognition and reduced activity in CB1 rich brain areas during emotional processing in current users. No evidence to support or refute lasting effects after abstinence. For CUD there is limited evidence for impaired emotion identification/recognition in CB1 rich brain areas during emotional processing in current CUD. There is then no causal proof, no statement of why the ganja user suffers with an inadequate emotional processing mechanism. What has been shown is that in areas of the brain inundated with THC the brain continues to function normally engaged with the task of emotion processing. Which means that the limited evidence can be the product of a false positive where in your quest to nail ganja as a dangerous drug you blame ganja when it is not the agent of impaired emotion identification/recognition for trauma is and the person is self-medicating with ganja in response to that trauma. The play to then brands ganja users as being impaired emotion identification/recognition actors with a proclivity to mental illness is then just another three card hustle, snake oil pushed by the snake oil hustler, prohibition.

Kroon et al now presents the evidence on attentional control, the theory of which focuses on what the individual fixes her/his attention on and what she/he does not, which wraps deviance in the soul of human agency impacted by drug use on the brain. Ganja then impacts the brain to choose what is good for the addicted brain not for the good of the individual and the social order. To justify prohibition of ganja and its policing the studies must show attentional failure under the influence of THC on the brain. Kroon et al states that with short term effects there is sufficient evidence that THC impairs attentional control and with long term effects with heavy cannabis use there is sufficient evidence for impairments sustained and divided attention in current heavy users. There is insufficient evidence for lasting effects after abstinence with evidence for a partial recovery and for CUD there is no evidence for lasting effects. THC impairs attentional control only when ganja is used and with the cessation of use attentional control changes, recovers which means that ganja does not change the brain and its functioning creating the addicted brain. Just another instrument of power to abnormalize us thereby justifying the policing of the abnormal, or normalization and power is amoral, it lies as its default mode.

Kroon et al now moves on to working memory another instrument of power vital to insisting that ganja is a dangerous drug as ganja users are incapable of making rational decisions and exhibiting normal behavior. For short term effects Kroon et al states that there is inconclusive evidence that ganja impairs working memory, whilst for the long term effects on heavy ganja users there is inconsistent evidence for long term working memory deficits and limited evidence for recovery in heavy users. For CUD there is no evidence to support or refute lasting effects. This attempt has failed miserably seen in the inconsistent evidence which speaks to grave methodological issues or a dire lack of research or both.

Kroon et al next deals with motor inhibition which involves the theory of how a motion in action is aborted by the brain, the spinal column and the nervous system, which is another instrument of power assaulting ganja and ganja users where ganja use impairs the ability of the body to inhibit its motion in action. Kroon et al reports that for short term effects there is sufficient evidence that THC/cannabis impairs inhibition ongoing responses (stop signal tasks) but there are inconsistent results with other inhibition tasks. But with long term effects with heavy cannabis users there is limited and inconsistent evidence for impairment as for CUD. How can you have sufficient evidence for motor impairment in the short term but not so for long term effects on heavy users or with CUD? There is then something fundamentally wrong with the research instrument used in these studies which is magnified by the insignificant evidence for impairment of other inhibition tasks. Another instrument of power assaulting ganja that has failed in its intent buttressed by lies.

Kroon et al now deals with decision making which reveals the intent to insist that ganja users have impaired decision making processes which results in reckless choices that place the user, their dependents, their property and the social order at risk which demands State intervention. Ganja users are then in a condition of dependency worse than minors which demands State tutelage based on the abrogation of their rights. Kroon et al reports that for short term effects there was insufficient evidence that THC/cannabis impairs decision making. For long term use by heavy cannabis users there is insufficient and inconsistent evidence for impairment and for CUD limited and inconsistent evidence for impairment. The attempt to validate the assault on ganja through decision making impairment has then failed as the research instruments used have produced insufficient and inconsistent evidence as the studies have failed to prove their position and there is no homogeneous discourse produced by the evidence, but this does not defeat the assault of prohibition.

The final cognitive function of the research reviewed by Kroon et al is intelligence and its impairment by ganja use, again another assault on ganja and the user as impaired intelligence renders the ganja user a less than competent individual endowed with rights demanding State tutelage. Kroon et al reports that for short term effects there was no evidence to support or refute effects, whilst for long term effects for heavy cannabis users there is insufficient and limited evidence for reduced intelligence and for CUD there is limited and insufficient evidence for reduced intelligence. The research into ganja use and cognition is then eminently political seeking to produce evidence to enhance the power of the State over the ganja using individual, by reducing them to an abnormal human in need of State tutelage which ultimately involves the usurpation of their human rights, their self-determination. The research activity has failed but that does not stop the assault of prohibition and the encroach of the State on the human rights of ganja users in its ever present quest for normalization.

Kroon et al now presents the most crucial aspect of their article: the evidence of the link between ganja use and the occurrence of specific types of mental illness, this then is the evidence that proves or refutes the discourse of ganja use and madness. Kroon et al names this section as psychiatric comorbidity which is simply an addicted brain presenting with mental illness after having failed to prove that the brain of the ganja user is in fact an addicted brain. Kroon et al reports for depression and the short term effects of ganja use that there is no evidence to support or refute effects, whilst for the long term effects of heavy cannabis use there is sufficient statistical association but causality is unclear and for CUD there is sufficient statistical association but causality is unclear. Statistical association is not causality and the nature of the research instrument that conjures up statistical association will be critiqued in this study. Kroon et al now reports for bipolar disorder and short term effects of ganja use that there is no evidence to support or refute effects, whilst for long term effects of heavy cannabis users there is sufficient evidence of statistical association but causality is unclear and for CUD there is sufficient evidence of statistical association with causality unclear. Again for bipolar disorder there is no causal link proven only statistical association and this is accepted as causality because it is ganja use under assault.

Kroon et al now deals with ganja users and anxiety disorders and panic attacks by reporting that with short term effects of ganja use there is sufficient evidence that ganja increases risk anxiety and panic attacks, whilst for long term effects of heavy cannabis use there is sufficient evidence of statistical association but causality is unclear and for CUD the same applies. The evidence for ganja use and anxiety disorders and panic attacks is again statistical association not hard core causal proof which shows the paucity of the research undertaken. The research is then dominated by the utilization of the research instrument of statistical association as a final end point research method when this should inform causal research not replace it. But with the assault on ganja anything is permitted to constitute accepted, normal truth.

Kroon et al now deals with ganja and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) insisting that ganja induces PTSD which openly contradicts the word of veterans of war who use ganja to relieve their symptoms of PTSD. Kroon et al reports on short term effects as having no evidence to support or refute effects, whilst the long term effects of heavy cannabis use has sufficient evidence of statistical association but causality is unclear and for CUD the same applies.

Kroon et al now reports on Psychosis and Schizophrenia and ganja use which is the primary weapon used in the assault on ganja use in the discourse of ganja and madness. This is prohibition’s Holy Grail and when it is falsified the assault is unmasked revealing raw, naked, amoral power with impunity, no limits at work. Kroon et al reports that for short term effects there is sufficient evidence that ganja increases the risk of transient positive symptoms, whilst there is limited evidence for an increased risk for negative symptoms. The long term effects of heavy cannabis use has sufficient evidence for association psychosis but causality is unclear and for CUD there is sufficient evidence of statistical association but causality is unclear. The link between ganja use and psychosis is then premised on statistical association not causal evidence which is acceptable evidence for the position that ganja use generates the mental illness of psychosis/schizophrenia in users. The manner in which this evidence based on statistical association was generated is very instructive.

The final area in this section is “other substance abuse disorders” where there is no report under short term effects, whilst under long term effects with heavy use there is sufficient evidence of statistical association but causality is unclear which also applies to CUD. With reference to long term effects of heavy ganja use Kroon et al reports that there is limited and inconsistent evidence that ganja is a gateway drug. The studies were then unable to prove even with statistical association that ganja use led to the use of cocaine, heroin meth, opiates etc, alcohol and tobacco. Those who still use the gateway drug discourse are then stuck in a time warp a la reefer madness.

Kroon et al ends their summary of current evidence of ganja and the brain by reporting on neurological disorders as cerebrovascular accidents and brain tumors. On cerebrovascular accidents Kroon et al reports that for short term effects there is limited evidence that ganja use increases the risk of this accident, whilst for long term effects of heavy ganja use there is no evidence to support or to refute effects and the same applies to CUD. Again another area that demands causal research sacrificed on prohibition’s altar of expediency. For brain tumors there is no evidence for short term effects, whilst for long term effects of heavy ganja use and for CUD there is no evidence to support or refute effects.

The abiding lesson of Kroon et al is the paucity of the evidence presented in support of ganja as being dangerous to the mental health of the user. This assault on ganja is rooted on the insistence on the link between ganja use and psychosis as fact, as truth when the only evidence offered in support is derived from statistical association not causal research and experimentation. The final nail in the coffin of the discourse of ganja and madness is an analysis of how statistical association is manufactured and passed off as evidence.

Prohibition and its discourse of ganja and madness is not interested in settling the issue of ganja and madness, once and for all, with the funding of research into the existence of a causal link between ganja use and madness. The discourse of the scientific validity of the statistical association of ganja use and madness serves the strategic aim of prohibition to assault ganja users and there is no systematic rebuttal of this false scientific discourse by those who are defenders of ganja use. In addition the new ganja oligarchs created by prohibition are not willing to invest in the research needed to settle this issue once and for all, for they must also protect their market and the windfall profits afforded them by prohibition especially with medical marijuana. What is apparent today is that statistical association is the hegemonic norm driven by an unproven truism that ganja use results in mental illness. Any research that questions this discourse will receive no funding from prohibition and the academic careers of the researchers will be mortally wounded. The scientific and medical community is then policed by prohibition to ensure its hegemony which results in so called medical experts peddling fantasy for facts and snake oil for science, science is then a discourse of power. The article titled “The contribution of cannabis use to variation in the incidence of psychotic disorder across Europe (EU-GEI): a multicentre case-control study” by Marta Di Forti et al March 19, 2019 accepts from the outset as scientifically verified fact that ganja use does result in psychosis, this is a certainty, never questioned, an article of faith, a linchpin of dogma. Di Forti et al states: “Cannabis use is associated with increased risk of later psychotic disorder but whether it affects incidence of the disorder remains unclear.” For the authors an association between ganja use and psychotic disorder is adequate and effective for further research into an association. Research founded on a causal link in the case of ganja use is not necessary as one can continue to use a statistical association as causal fact to drive further research towards confirming the association as truth. This is self into self, utter and total delusion. Di Forti et al states “We aimed to identify patterns of cannabis use with the strongest effect on odds of psychotic disorder across Europe and explore whether differences in such patterns contribute to variations in the incidence rates of psychotic disorder.” Statistical association is then a self-fulfilling prophecy which drives an edifice of research to confirm the accuracy of the prophecy whilst expanding its ambit. This is indicated potently by the methodology of the research which sampled patients of psychiatric services who presented with first episode psychosis who self-reported ganja use and non-users. This study accepts as truth ganja use and psychosis hence it is not seeking causality as association is enough. What it is looking at is the pattern of use and the type of ganja used and available and its impact on psychotic disorder in the sample rooted in the fact of ganja use and psychosis, this is dogma. But the methodology is the same where you sample those with psychotic disorder ask them if they are ganja users then do the statistical analysis of the sample and come up with the correlation between ganja use and psychosis. If coffee consumption was prohibited you can do the same with cancer victims, ask them if they consume coffee then come up with the statistical association between coffee consumption and cancer. This is not causal evidence just inference which has to be put under the gaze of research, experimentation. Di Forti et al now goes one step further by presenting further statistical association proving the association between high potency ganja use and psychotic disorder whilst the causal link between ganja and madness remains unproven, which is accepted as evidence by prohibition as it must for it serves power. This is the second dangerous discourse of prohibition that drives an instrument of power in the war against ganja that is rooted in bogus, snake oil science. What is noteworthy is the failure of the counter discourse for ganja use to engage with these discourses of prohibition. There can be no liberation when you are dominated at the level of the idea.